Metastatic cancer and costly precision medicines generate extremely complex problems of health care justice. Targeted cancer therapies yield only very marginal gains in life expectancy for most patients at very great cost, thereby threatening the just allocation of limited health care resources. Philosophers have high hopes for the utility of their theories of justice in addressing the challenges of resource allocation; however, none of these theories can address adequately the "wicked" ethical problems that have resulted from these targeted therapies.What we need instead is a political conception of health care justice, following Rawls, and a fair and inclusive process of rational democratic deliberation governed by public reason.
Kozicki, Z. A., & Baiyasi‐Kozicki, S. J. (2019). The survival of mankind requires a water quality and quantity index (WQQI) and water applied testing and environmental research (WATER) centers. World Water Policy, 5(1), 55-70.
Kozicki, Z. A., & Baiyasi-Kozicki, S. J. S. (2020). The survival of mankind requires WATER centers & Water Quality and Quantity Index (WQQI). European Journal of Public Health, 30(S5), ckaa166.120, https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckaa166.120