1. Use a comma to
2. Use a semi-colon
a. preceding the conjunctive adverb – e.g. The dean will be late for the recognition ceremony; however, she does plan to attend.
b. to join two complete but related thoughts that are not joined by a conjunction – e.g. The dean will not attend the recognition ceremony; she will be missed.
3. Use of Apostrophes
a. contractions - e.g. won't, haven't
b. show possession - indicates something belongs to someone - e.g. Jill's office; the library's computers
4. Use periods (and other punctuation marks) after parentheses (in most cases). (The exception is when writing a full sentence inside parentheses.)
1. avoid misplaced modifiers (may alter the intended meaning) - She told him that she wanted to move to a new location frequently.
2. avoid dangling modifiers - Hidden in the closet, Aunt Suzy found her missing sweater.
Keep tense (past, present, future) consistent within a sentence and paragraph
Use transitional wording (e.g. however, conversely, despite, similarly, consequently, etc.) or sentences to connect ideas or introduce new topics
1. avoid sentence fragments by ensuring each sentence has both a subject and a verb
2. avoid run-on sentences by using punctuation appropriately
3. avoid overloaded sentences that contain too much information
References / Resources
There are many words that cause issues. Use an online dictionary, as needed, to verify correct word usage:
Affect vs Effect
e.g. vs i.e.
"Writer's voice" refers to how you express yourself through your writing - your presence on the page - how you craft your message
1. Strive to write in active voice when possible; the passive voice should be used in moderation
2. Avoid using first person / personal pronouns (e.g. I or me)
3. Remember: The author / researcher studied a phenomenon …not the article or journal.
4. Use bias free language
5. Avoid redundancy in wording, e.g. first originated
Efron, S. E., & Ravid, R. (2018). Writing the literature review : A practical guide. Guilford Publications.
Goldsmith, J.A. (2017). Writing Effectively. In C. Saver (Eds.), Anatomy of writing for publication. (pp. 111-126). Sigma Theta Tau International.
Resources used on this page: